December 2015 | UNEVOC.BULLETIN@UNESCO.ORG
Bulletin No. 28
1 Editorial
2 News
3 UNEVOC Network
4 News from UNEVOC Centres
5 Resources
6 UNEVOC e-Forum
7 Visitors

1 Editorial

Editorial
UNESCO-UNEVOC Bulletin 28

Welcome to the UNESCO-UNEVOC Bulletin!

Major developments have taken place over the course of the year, which had – and will continue to have – a major influence on our work in technical and vocational education and training (TVET).

In September 2015, the United Nations Summit in New York agreed on a new sustainable development agenda for the next 15 years. The 2030 Agenda, which consists of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is a plan of action “for People, the Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership”. The new agenda is universal, as it was equally made for high- and low-income countries. It takes a holistic approach on how to solve some of the world’s most urgent problems. Goal 4 relates to education and is specifically relevant for TVET as it calls on Member States to ensure equal access to TVET programmes, to substantially increase the number of youth and adults with relevant skills for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurial skills, and to eliminate gender disparities in education.

At the same time, education and training will also play an important role in achieving any of the other sixteen sustainable development goals. In fact, curbing poverty and hunger, achieving global health, empowering women and girls and reducing inequalities among people, ensuring access to clean energy and managing resources sustainably, combating climate change and its impacts, and building resilient infrastructure, safe human settlements and peaceful societies… achieving any of these urgent needs will require a skilled, empowered and well-informed workforce. I truly believe that high-quality and relevant TVET can be the key to unlock people’s potential for achieving prosperity and equity for all. These interventions a placed the emphasis on improving capacities at the institutional and professional levels to better address the challenges of TVET.

To attain this, UNESCO-UNEVOC has been working towards building a stronger global TVET community by strengthening and expanding its Network: nine new centres have joined the UNEVOC Network in 2015, and UNESCO-UNEVOC has held regional meetings and workshops in most of the regions in the frame of international workshops such as eLearning Africa in Addis Ababa, the Asia-Pacific Conference on Education and Training (ACET) in Kuala Lumpur, or during WorldSkills in Sao Paulo.

We have also expanded our online services by conducting several online conferences on the e-forum, such as on creative industries, apprenticeships, greening TVET, and UNESCO’s future TVET strategy.

UNEVOC Network members from around the world also celebrated the first-ever World Youth Skills Day, which is a new observance by the UN to celebrate the important contribution young people make to development around the world.

We have also made progress with the World TVET Database, which now contains 72 country reports on TVET. Recent reports are from Benin, Cambodia, Chad, Iraq, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Qatar, South Africa, Uganda and the USA.
For more detailed information on our work, I invite you to read the Bulletin and would very much appreciate your feedback on our activities. On behalf of the entire UNESCO-UNEVOC team, I wish you a pleasant reading.

Shyamal Majumdar
Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC


#top
2 News

UNESCO-UNEVOC at COP21

From 3 to 10 December 2015, UNESCO-UNEVOC, in collaboration with UNESCO, French Ministries, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), International Labour Organisation (ILO), and with the Inter-agency working group on Greening TVET and Skills (IAWG), organized a number of side events during the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) that took place in Paris, France, from 30 November to 12 December.

COP21 convened 50.000 participants including 25.000 delegates from government, international organizations, UN agencies and civil society, to develop an agreement on climate with the aim of keeping global warming below 2°C. In total, representatives from 195 countries attended the two-week meeting. The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have already demonstrated the important role education and in particular technical and vocational education and training (TVET) play in the greening of skills for a sustainable future. Notably, it is paramount to recognize that this involves economic, social and environmental considerations.

Side event on mitigating climate change with employment, training and economic development stakeholders

On 3 December, David Atchoarena, Director of the Division for Policies and Lifelong Learning Systems at UNESCO, joined ILO Director for Research Raymond Torres, French General Commissioner for Sustainable Development Laurence Monnoyer-Smith and Asian Development Bank Vice President for Knowledge Management and Sustainable Development Bambang Susantono to discuss issues related to climate change and the importance of achieving the targets of COP21. The side event was led by the French Ministry for the Environment, Sustainable Development and Energy and was held at the French pavilion at Le Bourget.

The side event, attended by approximately 50 negotiators and national experts, focused on the importance of mobilizing employment, education, vocational training and economic stakeholders to transform jobs and skills to facilitate the implementation of the international and national objectives for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Particularly, David Atchoarena stressed the importance of vocational skills in achieving the SDGs and highlighted the need for strategic dialogues and the identification of emerging skills needs resulting from green transitions to adopt vocational education provisions. Other speakers emphasized the need for social dialogue, including the practice of tripartism and collective bargaining, as well as governance structures to facilitate the transition to new employment and skills needs.

Inter-Agency Working Group on Greening TVET and Skills (IAWG) meetings

Two side events were hosted on Integrated Policy Actions for Greener Economy and Society and Workplace. The side events called on Member States and COP21 stakeholders to support policy integration in promoting education and skills, economic and environmental development actions.

Through the sharing of programmatic interventions, the IAWG presented skills development interventions which contributed to the COP21 agenda. Importantly, the IAWG agreed to implement the COP21 recommendations by jointly developing common projects that will promote promising practices in mobilizing local communities to accelerate transition to green economies and tapping indigenous knowledge.

Another IAWG session at Le Bourget allowed for the sharing of international, regional and national projects and outcomes related to boosting green skills and meeting green jobs. Numerous stakeholders presented their projects including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), ADB, ILO, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and UNEVOC Centres from Malta (Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology), and Germany (Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training - Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung BIBB).

Other side events

UNESCO-UNEVOC also collaborated with the UNESCO Youth, Literacy and Skills Section as well as the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME), the Alliance Villes Emploi (AVE), Ministry for Environment, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE) and the French Development Agency (AFD) in organizing other side events:

  • Managing the greening of jobs and skills: How useful for fighting climate change?, held on 9 December 2015 at Le Bourget
  • The mobilization of territories to accompany the evolution of jobs and skills for the energy transition, held on 8 December 2015 at Le Bourget
  • Energy transition: how to adapt skills and jobs?, held on 10 December at Le Grand Palais

For more information

COP 21



Successfully applying ICTs in TVET
=Sharing experiences among UNEVOC Network members at OEB 2015 =

Online Educa Berlin (OEB) is one of the leading international conferences for technology-enhanced learning. The yearly conference is attended by over 2,300 participants from more than 100 countries and offers a unique international exchange platform for issues related to education, training and technology. This year, the UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre invited representatives of 10 UNEVOC Centres to attend the conference. The ICT in TVET team of UNESCO-UNEVOC organized a pre-conference workshop for UNEVOC Centre representatives and a panel discussion as part of the OEB program. The activity is part of the process to build an “ICT in TVET” thematic cluster within the UNEVOC Network.

Sharing promising practices from the UNEVOC Network

Uta Roth, UNESCO-UNEVOC
The workshop held on 2 December 2015 was entitled “Teachers and trainers in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET): How is the use of digital media changing their jobs and their qualification needs?”.

In the first part of the workshop Uta Roth, Programme Expert at UNESCO-UNEVOC, looked at the current status of ICTs in TVET within the UNEVOC Network, building on the outcome of the discussions at a previous workshop at eLearning Africa. Uta explained that the UNEVOC Centres that got together in May in Addis Ababa had identified teachers and trainers as crucial for the successful use of ICT in education. The transformation from a traditional learning setting to a digital learning setting implies a change process for the entire institution. This process will succeed only if supported by teachers (view presentation).

Two UNEVOC Centres presented activities carried out in their respective countries: Zainal Azhar Zainal Abidin from the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education focused on the TVET eCONVERGENCE initiative which has the following five main objectives (view presentation):
  • A ‘TVET Education’ Consciousness
  • An English Language Proficiency
  • The Formation of a TVET Learning Community
  • A Promotion for TVET Education Content Creation and
  • Digital Skills for the 21th Century


Enrique Alonso Pineda representing Mexico’s CONALEP explained his institution's Mixed Model Education approach to increase participation in TVET through online learning activities. He identified resilience to change (on behalf of teachers, students, parents and managers) as one of the main challenges in implementation, but also the need to modify curricula and respective methodologies. Enrique also pointed out what skills teachers need to implement the new model, and reflected on the consequences for teacher education (view presentation).

"Resistance to technology is futile"

In the second part of the workshop Donald Clark shared his view (view presentation) on “VOCATIONAL LEARNING Thrills & skills”.

Donald warned of “dumping devices at developing countries” and recommended to “keep all information in one place” in a well-structured learning management system. He enthusiastically recommended integrating resources such as Wikipedia, Khan Academy, YouTube, and MOOCs into the teaching and learning experience. He also looked at the future of vocational education with regard to the availability of affordable and implementable technologies such as Virtual (VR) and Augmented Reality (VR) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). After the end of the workshop, participants were keen on testing the virtual reality head-mounted display headset he brought along.

Using Open Educational Resources in TVET

Max Ehlers, UNESCO-UNEVOC
The last part of the workshop was devoted to a discussion on Open Educational Resources (OER). UNESCO-UNEVOC staff member Max Ehlers introduced the concept to participants and briefly mentioned different kinds of OER (view presentation). The presentation stirred a lively debate on the topic among participants, who shared their own knowledge and experiences with OER. While some institutions already work intensively with OER, other discussants expressed that the concept was new to them, but they saw great potential to improve education.

Can the use of technology reduce the learning divide?

On 3 December 2015, a panel discussion was held in the public programme of OEB, entitled: “Using technology to reduce the learning divide: an international debate on vocational education in post 2015”. Moderated by Mark West of UNESCO’s ICT in Education unit, panellists discussed measures that can effectively improve inclusive learning pathways in TVET through mobile learning in a lively debate. The panellists were:
  • Ms Shafika Isaacs (ICT4D Professional),
  • Mr Donald Clark (UK, Plan B Learning),
  • Dr Zainal Azhar Zainal Abidin (Malaysia, Ministry of Higher Education) and
  • Ms Elke Wemhoff (GIZ Germany/Indonesia).

All panellists agreed that technology can effectively support learning in vocational education in many contexts and that technology can be an enormous help for teachers. However, there was no agreement as to the extent to which teachers and trainers are a necessary component for the success of learning. Donald Clark pointed to the growing importance of MOOCs in all areas of education and the success of platforms like YouTube and Wikipedia, making the point that with so much information at learners' fingertips, the focus should be on learning rather than teaching. Shafika Isaacs, Elke Wemhoff and Dr. Azhar suggested that blended learning is the best approach to the introduction of ICTs in vocational education because it combines the attractiveness of face-to-face learning with the cost savings and the scalability of distance learning.

Resources



UNESCO-UNEVOC at the TVET Forum for Latin America in Montevideo, Uruguay

From 23 to 25 November, 2015, an expert meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, convened 40 technical and vocational education and training (TVET) stakeholders and ministry representatives from Latin American countries to discuss the challenges TVET faces looking towards the implementation of the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the period 2015-2030. The SDGs include 17 goals broken down into 169 targets and will seek to realise inclusive and equitable economic, social and environmental sustainable development.

Organised by UNESCO’s Regional Bureau of Education for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), the Regional Bureau of Science for LAC, UNESCO-UNEVOC and UNESCO HQ, the expert meeting deliberated UNESCO’s current and forthcoming TVET strategies, discussed the specific challenges facing the LAC region, and shared promising practises and roads forward. Katerina Ananiadou, Programme Specialist at UNESCO-UNEVOC, attended sessions which tackled pertinent issues including, the role of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) in TVET, skills for the informal economy, curriculum reform, Greening TVET and teacher and trainer development. The meeting provided an opportunity to present UNESCO-UNEVOC’s work in thematic areas such as Greening TVET and youth and skills. One of the key outputs of the expert meeting was, with UNESCO’s support, the development of a roadmap for a regional common plan of work for the next two years.

The meeting was also attended by the following UNEVOC Centres, in addition to the Ministries of Education present that are members of the Network:

More information:
  • UNESCO’s Regional Bureau of Education for Latin America and the Caribbean press release (in Spanish)



NITTTR unveils capacity development programme in bio-technology in agriculture

The National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research (NITTTR) in Kolkata, India, in collaboration with the Vivekananda Institute of Bio-technology (VIB), Nimpith, have unveiled a capacity development programme for trainers in utilising bio-technology in agriculture for the rural youth.

The two-week training programme is being held in Kolkata for trainers and teachers in the field of bio-technology and agriculture for the rural youth. The implementation of the programme will produce qualified trainers with increased capacities to design and deliver competency-based training on the use of bio-technology in TVET. The programme will also serve as basis for developing a Training of Trainers (ToT) module that can be used by trainers in this field.

Fourteen delegates from UNEVOC Centres and their associate institutions from Botswana, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, India, Thailand, Philippines and Sri Lanka are attending the programme aimed to improve their practice and multiply the learning in their respective institutions. It is supported by UNESCO-UNEVOC in implementation of the capacity building programme for the UNEVOC Network.

The capacity development programme is one of the projects proposed and selected by UNESCO-UNEVOC and aims to bridge global frameworks and action programmes to doable and implementable actions at the sectorial and institutional level. In the long term it is hoped that this will enable technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to contribute and scale up its engagement in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and global sustainable development agenda. Specifically, the NITTTR-VIB joint ToT programme aims to:
  • Increase the number of qualified trainers on bio-technology use in rural-based agriculture in the South Asian and South-East Asian regions;
  • Collect and showcase evidence based practices in the region;
  • Apply science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in TVET in rural-based agriculture;
  • Improve the quality of TVET programmes in addressing youth unemployment in the rural sector;
  • Support UNESCO’s Global Action Programme on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) by accelerating sustainable agriculture through empowering the rural youth.

UNESCO-UNEVOC activities

UNESCO-UNEVOC, represented by Jens Liebe (Network Consultant) and Kenneth Barrientos (Programme Officer), facilitated sessions to explain the links between the SDGs and TVET, orient participants to the new roadmap for implementing the Global Action Programme on ESD and Greening TVET, and explain the water resources management and policy and skills challenges relevant to the agriculture sector. Group discussions and project works also engaged facilitators and participants.



UNESCO Dakar launches regional TVET Platform in West Africa

UNESCO’s International Institute for Educational Planning (IIPE) office in Dakar, Senegal, launched a regional platform for TVET experts in November. The Platform of Expertise in Vocational Training for Africa (Plateforme d’expertise en formation professionnelle pour l’Afrique – PEFOP) is financed by the French Development Agency AFD, and it will support the implementation of TVET policy reforms in sub-Saharan Africa and strengthen public and private actors in charge of their implementation.

With the establishment of this platform, UNESCO will aim to address two major challenges: supporting growth and promoting the integration of young people in the labour market. In its first phase and over four years, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania and Senegal will benefit from the support of the platform. To promote and share good practices, a broader network of countries and stakeholders involved in TVET policy reforms will also be included.

A two-day conference was held from 2 to 3 November 2015 in Dakar and attended by about a hundred TVET experts from the region. It aimed to present the aims and goals of the platform, and participants had the chance to come together and discuss some of the main issues the PEFOP aims to address.




The workshop was opened by Cheickh Sadibou Dia, Secretary-General for TVET of Senegal’s Education Ministry, Marie-Pierre Nicollet, Director of Human Development AFD, Deputy Director of IIEP Paul Coustère and Shyamal Majumdar, Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC. In his keynote address, Mr Majumdar contributed the expertise of UNESCO-UNEVOC in building and maintaining international networks in TVET, as it has been managing the UNEVOC Network, an active network of TVET institutions from all across the globe, since 1993. He also highlighted the important role VET and skills development can play for achieving the global development goals.

On the afternoon of 3 November, Alix Wurdak of UNESCO-UNEVOC ran a workshop on networking and knowledge sharing through UNESCO-UNEVOC’s online services. The workshop was attended by about twenty TVET experts from Senegal and West Africa. It was also an occasion to brief UNESCO-UNEVOC Network members from the West African group on recent developments taking place at the UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Bonn.

The following network members attended the conference:


Photos



Bonn celebrates the United Nations’ 70th anniversary!

On 24 October 2015, the City of Bonn celebrated the United Nations’ 70th anniversary by organizing a UN day, including information stands, live music and entertainment. No doubt a highlight was the lighting of Bonn’s historic ‘Altes Rathaus’ in blue to mark the occasion. This was part of the Turn the World #UNBlue campaign, where more than 350 iconic monuments and landmarks across 85 countries were lit up blue to highlight the day.

This year’s celebrations not only marked a special jubilee for the United Nations. It also took place in the context of the recent adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Bonn’s Mayor Ashok Sridharan opened UN Day together with Professor Dr. Jakob Rhyner, representative of the United Nations in Germany and Vice-Rector of the United Nations University in Europe, and congratulated the UN on its 70th birthday. Together with the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) based in Hamburg, Germany, UNESCO-UNEVOC joined other UN agencies based in Germany with an information desk where people could inform themselves and talk with staff about how skills and technical and vocational education and training (TVET) contribute to the fulfillment of the SDGs.




UN Day is celebrated around the world to commemorate the anniversary of the founding of the United Nations on 24 October 1945. As the German UN City, together with the United Nations Organizations and the many NGOs and governmental organizations located here, Bonn has made UN Day celebrations with an all-day programme an annual tradition.

For more pictures, please visit our Facebook page!



UNEVOC attends Regional Meeting in Harare and Mutare, Zimbabwe


From 14 to 16 October, 60 participants from eight countries representing ministries, youth organizations, NGOs and other UN agencies met in Harare and Mutare in Zimbabwe for a Regional TVET Meeting. Organized by UNESCO’s Regional Office for Southern Africa, the meeting discussed the challenges countries are facing to ensure equitable opportunities to access formal and non-formal TVET, as well as lifelong learning opportunities. The meeting facilitated the sharing of experiences on TVET policies and governance, innovative practices, developing indicators and monitoring information systems, and revisiting the Regional Framework for Action in the context of UNESCO’s new TVET strategy and the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP).

Kamal Armanious, Programme Assistant for the UNEVOC Network, presented information about UNESCO-UNEVOC’s activities, including the UNEVOC Network and the online services and products, with particular emphasis on the promising practices database and the e-forum.

Seven UNEVOC Centres from the southern African region attended the meeting:



Adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

On Friday 25 September 2015, the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Held in New York from 25 to 27 September, the summit brought together UN Member States to discuss the post-2015 development agenda which will build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000. While the MDGs consisted of eight goals, the SDGs include 17 goals broken down into 169 targets and will seek to realize inclusive and equitable economic, social and environmental sustainable development. A reflection of the SDGs ambitious intentions, the principle not to leave anyone behind plays an integral part in the goals.

Sustainable Development Goal 4 and 8 and TVET




What impact will the SDGs have on technical and vocational education and training (TVET)? SDG 4 proposes a transformative education vision, aspiring to “ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.” The vision stresses the right to education, the principles of equity, inclusiveness, and quality and the importance of lifelong learning. Particularly related to TVET, SDG 4, among other things, calls on Member States to ensure equal access to TVET programmes, to substantially increase the number of youth and adults with relevant skills for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship, and to eliminate gender disparities in education.

Furthermore SDG 8 aims to “promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all”. Such holistic visions challenges TVET to expand quality skills provisions and ensure skills relevance not only for the world of work, but also to support lifelong learning, inclusion and economies’ and societies’ low-carbon transitions. In this sense the need to transform the TVET sector to maximize it’s potential to contribute to not only the achievement of SDG 4 and SDG 8, but in a broader way, all SDGs in the context of promoting sustainable economies and societies, is of high relevance.

This new vision, with its emphasis on skills for work and entrepreneurship, presents an opportunity to reassert TVET’s role in the 2030 sustainable development agenda, and UNESCO-UNEVOC has an important role to play in this regard. Our UNEVOC Network connects TVET stakeholders from around the world and promotes South-South and North-South-South collaboration, driving developments in the field of TVET. We also facilitate knowledge sharing and promote knowledge development through the publication of TVET related research and our various online resources such as the e-Forum, the TVET World Database and TVETipedia. Playing a key role in the implementation of the UNESCO TVET strategy, our work supports the Organization’s efforts to improve people’s lives and achieve sustainable development through quality education.



First Global Forum on Green Economy Learning

From 16 to 18 December 2015, the 1st Global Forum on Green Economy Learning will bring together policy-makers, development partners, and representatives from education and training institutions, NGOs and business associations to identify opportunities for improving green economy learning. The transition towards inclusive green economies, as reiterated through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), requires national education and training systems to respond to new and changing skills needs. Specifically, changes in the labour market, the development of new technologies and practices, and developments in existing occupations will challenge policy-makers, institutions and other stakeholders to rethink about education post-2015.

Organized by the Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) together with UNESCO-UNEVOC, the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the forum aims to:
  • Promote information exchange, experience sharing and coordination for green economy learning;
  • Review national approaches in order to develop a strategic approach to green economy learning;
  • Engage learning institutions by integrating green economy concepts in a sustainable self-standing curriculum; and
  • Institute a community of practice of green economy learning professionals and institutions.

Through our involvement in the Forum, UNESCO-UNEVOC will seek to explore entry points for green economy learning in TVET institutions consistent with UNEVOC’s Greening TVET agenda. UNESCO-UNEVOC will also look at opportunities to converge actions among learning institution networks.

The forum will take place at the OECD Conference Centre in Paris, France. For more information, please consult the following links:



UNESCO-UNEVOC participates in UKFIET

From 15 to 17 September 2015, 550 participants met in Oxford, the United Kingdom, for the UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development. In the context of the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which will highlight the need for social, economic and environmental sustainable futures, the Conference provided a platform for participants to reflect on the implications that this transition has for education and learning.

UNESCO-UNEVOC, together with the University of Nottingham, a UNEVOC Centre, convened five sessions under the sub-theme ‘Decent and Sustainable Work’. The sessions, chaired by Imke Kottmann, Programme Expert at UNESCO-UNEVOC, and Simon McGrath, Professor of International Education and Development at the University of Nottingham focused on a number of themes including the recognition of informal learning, the perceived value of skills and TVET, and TVET’s contribution in promoting human rights, social equity and empowerment. Each session was attended by 25 participants, among them Marcia Rowe-Amonde from the HEART Trust National Training Agency in Jamaica, a UNEVOC Centre, who presented on the perspectives of learners in TVET institutions in Jamaica.

The discussions advocated a broader understanding of TVET, one that moves away from solely viewing TVET as a means of training workforce for employment and economic growth, to one that also views it as a tool to equip people with skills for work and life, empowering them to become critical citizens and active contributors to sustainable development, social equity and inclusive societies.



WorldSkills competition and conference in São Paulo

© WorldSkills
WorldSkills São Paulo was held from 11 to 16 August 2015 in São Paulo, Brazil. UNESCO and UNESCO-UNEVOC contributed to and facilitated the involvement of several UNEVOC Centres in the stimulating programme that was attended by over 1500 people from more than 70 countries. Running in parallel to the WorldSkills competition, the WorldSkills conference provided the opportunity for leaders in the field of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to discuss current global skills issues.


UNESCO-UNEVOC Activities
Part of the WorldSkills Conference, on August 12 UNESCO-UNEVOC organised a panel discussion discussing the challenge various education systems around the world face concerning imbalances between supplying vocational training and the demand for skills from the production system. Attended by approximately 200 participants, the engaging panel discussion addressed three main dimensions, namely: (1) why skills for work and entrepreneurship are important to the post-2015 agenda; (2) what are the key inter-relationships between skills and other key development sectors; and (3) which skills development strategies, policies and programmes, and what forms of work-based learning, are most effective in addressing the economic, social, environmental, and political priorities of the new sustainable development agenda.
The panel included:
  • Keynote speaker: Borhene Chakroun, Chief of the Youth, Literacy and Skills Development Section, UNESCO;
  • Panellist: Shyamal Majumdar, Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC;
  • Other panellists included senior representatives from the OECD, the European Commission and the German Federal Institute for VET (BIBB), UNEVOC Centre in Germany.



The same day UNESCO-UNEVOC and SENAI, one of the UNEVOC Centres in Brazil, also organised a networking session and evening reception. The session was attended by over 100 delegates, including senior members of SENAI, and was an occasion for them to get to know more about UNESCO-UNEVOC’s activities and to network with TVET professionals and stakeholders.

UNEVOC Network Meeting
On 13 August, 15 UNEVOC Centre representatives met to discuss progress in TVET in their respective countries and recent activities of their Centres. Also attended by Borhene Chakroun (UNESCO HQ) and Astrid Hollander (UNESCO Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean), the Network Meeting additionally provided the opportunity to hear from UNESCO and UNESCO-UNEVOC about the latest international developments in the field of TVET and work carried out by UNESCO and UNESCO-UNEVOC.

More information and photos about the WorldSkills competition, conference programme as well as panel discussion can be found here:



Kuala Lumpur Declaration on TVET for a Sustainable Future adopted

From 3 to 5 August 2015, the Asia-Pacific Conference on Education and Training (ACET) took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Hosted by UNESCO and the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education on behalf of the Government of Malaysia, the conference stimulated policy debate and dialogue on a number of topics including ICT in TVET, partnerships and greening TVET. It followed up the recommendations of the Shanghai Consensus of the 3rd International Congress on TVET held in China in 2012.

One of the key outcomes of the conference was the adoption of the Kuala Lumpur Declaration on Quality Education and Skills Development for Sustainable Future. The Declaration presents a transformative vision of TVET in the region and highlights the potential of TVET to contribute towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In this regard, Member States called upon the UNEVOC Network to support and function as an active platform for peer learning, knowledge production and dissemination, and experience and promising practice sharing. UNESCO’s Assistant Director General for Education, Mr Qian Tang, addressed Ministers and conference delegates from 26 Asia-Pacific countries stressing the need to make TVET a priority within their national agendas and transform TVET to maximize its potential to stimulate innovation and support vibrant societies.

UNESCO-UNEVOC Activities

On 3 August, UNESCO-UNEVOC organized a session on TVET and Skills, focusing on the way TVET institutions in the Asia-Pacific region are responding to the challenge of incorporating green skills in education and training curriculum. Chaired by Shyamal Majumdar, Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC, and facilitated by Kenneth Barrientos, Programme Officer of UNESCO-UNEVOC, the session engaged approximately 90 participants and was instrumental in stimulating policy debate on Greening TVET, exploring the potential of the UNEVOC Network to pioneer capacity development actions and introducing a methodological approach to integrating green skills in TVET programmes.

The preliminary findings of UNEVOC’s research project on greening TVET were shared. The project involved UNEVOC Centres from a number of Asia-Pacific countries and discusses green skills development in the construction and agricultural sectors. The final reports of the research project will be made available soon.

As well as chairing UNEVOC’s session, Mr. Majumdar was also involved in a session organized by the Regional Association for Vocational Teacher Education (RAVTE) on TVET Networks and the role of international and regional networks in contributing to national TVET development. As the largest global network of TVET providers and institutions, the UNEVOC Network was taken as one of the case studies.

UNEVOC Network Meeting

The UNEVOC Centres from the Asia and the Pacific region participating in ACET met on 6 August to discuss TVET developments and possibilities for cooperation and synergies. Co-hosted by one of the UNEVOC Centres in Malaysia, the Department of Polytechnic Education in the Ministry of Education, the Network meeting discussed capacity development opportunities in and around the network, UNEVOC’s collaborative projects and future UNEVOC Centre activities in light of the action-oriented recommendations presented in the Kuala Lumpur Declaration.

Conference presentations

Press release

Conference Report



World Youth Skills Day at UNESCO-UNEVOC

Inaugural WYSD hailed a success at UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre in Bonn

On 15 July 2015, some 50 youth attended UNESCO-UNEVOC’s celebration of the United Nations inaugural World Youth Skills Day (WYSD) at the UN Campus in Bonn. Declared in December 2014 by the UN General Assembly at the initiative of the Government of Sri Lanka, WYSD intends to raise awareness of the importance of investing in youth skills as a means of promoting employment and sustainable development. The United Nations in in Bonn and New York as well as dozens of UNESCO-UNEVOC Centres around the world marked the day with their own special celebrations. The inaugural programme at United Nations Headquarters in New York was simultaneously telecast in Bonn. For more details about the event in Bonn, and WYSD in general, see our page here.

In Bonn, the programme included a discussion that brought together a panel of distinguished youth:
  • Ms Carina Lange, the German Youth Delegate to the United Nations
  • Ms Elena Singer, Silver medalist at the WorldSkills 2013 Leipzig competition
  • Mr Max Dolge, competitor in the forthcoming WorldSkills 2015 São Paulo competition.

Together with the audience and with moderators Nick Nuttall, spokesperson of United Nations Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Alix Wurdak, informations associate at UNESCO-UNEVOC, the panel engaged in questions about what skills youth require for the future and whether university education provides sufficient skills for today’s job market.




The world of work is not just about university degrees” remarked one participant, who shared the value of technical and vocational education in providing him with skills that have enabled him to succeed in his area of work. One of the main conclusions of the discussion was that there is a serious skills shortage. “Nowadays” one participant explained “there are too many people with university degrees and too many people without formal training. There is nothing in between and it is not even clear if education today meets the current demands of the job market”.

In this respect, the role of technical and vocational education in helping bridge the skills gap was highlighted. Two of the panelists remarked that their apprenticeship education had not just prepared them well for work but to succeed: Elena Singer won a silver medal at the WorldSkills 2013 competition in Leipzig and Max Dolge is set to compete in the forthcoming WorldSkills 2015 in São Paulo in August.


= Celebration of World Youth Skills Day at UNEVOC Centres =
Many UNEVOC Centres seized the opportunity to celebrate the day. Some have shared their activities with us.
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3 UNEVOC Network

UNESCO-UNEVOC welcomes nine new member institutions of the UNEVOC Network

UNESCO-UNEVOC is pleased to announce that the following nine institutions have joined the UNEVOC Network in 2015. For more information, please see the Centres’ profiles on the Network Portal:



UNESCO-UNEVOC hosts Expert Meeting in Bonn, Germany




From 17 to 19 November, 30 UNEVOC cluster and centre coordinators, from UNEVOC centres in 26 countries met in Bonn, Germany, to discuss the development of tools and activities intended to further improve the UNEVOC Network. The UNEVOC Network consists of over 200 technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions from all over the world, and aims to facilitate and promote the sharing of best practises and the development of partnerships and collaboration. The three-day meeting collected different national and regional perspectives and suggestions on a number of issues, including the:



Programme Overview



Day one focused on recollecting recent trends affecting TVET, including the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and UNESCO’s forthcoming strategy for TVET. The presentations provided an opportunity for centre coordinators to reacquaint themselves with the UNEVOC Network structure, and particularly the various roles actors in the Network have. The day also provided an opportunity for centre coordinators to provide feedback on the implementation of the UNEVOC Network Manual of Operating Procedures. The feedback was very beneficial and highlighted a number of areas for future development. The day ended with an enjoyable reception held in the UN restaurant with a view overlooking Bonn and the Rhine.

Day two started with presentations informing centre coordinators about the general purpose and overview of the UNEVOC Network activity trends assessments. The key indicators were delineated and the subsequent group discussions and plenary session provided an opportunity for participants to comment and provide feedback. Presentations by UNESCO-UNEVOC staff on the International Centre’s various online resources also gave an opportunity for participants to familiarise themselves with UNESCO-UNEVOC’s services, their uses and how they, in their capacity as UNEVOC centres, could contribute to the services.

Day three addressed the development of a TVET Leadership Programme which will in the future train institutional leaders on how to drive not only institutional and national change, but also regional TVET developments. Participants commented on the framework and the various modules proposed, with particular emphasis on the programme’s different thematic areas including greening TVET, youth and skills and TVET policy review. UNESCO-UNEVOC staff, along with Prof. Charles Hopkins, UNESCO Chair in Reorienting Teacher Education, also presented the forthcoming Greening TVET: a practical guide for institutions in implementing Education for Sustainable Development (ESD).

One of the key messages from the meeting was the need to promote more collaboration and more collective approaches to UNEVOC network activities. This point is particularly pertinent considering the pledge of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that ‘no one will be left behind’. The three-day meeting accentuated the heterogeneity of the UNEVOC network and the feedback received will help UNESCO-UNEVOC better understand and develop tools for the network to grow together.

Regional Meetings

The expert meeting also served as an opportunity for the Europe, CIS, and North America region and Arab States region to meet and discuss TVET developments and possibilities for cooperation and synergies within their region.



UNEVOC Centre hosts International Symposium on TVET Personnel in Magdeburg, Germany



On the 25 and 26 November, 2015, 90 experts convened at an international Symposium on TVET for sustainable development in Magdeburg, Germany. Organised by the UNEVOC Centre comprising of GIZ’s Academy for International Cooperation unit (Competence Development in TVET), the University of Magdeburg and Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automatisation, in collaboration with the City of Magdeburg, the symposium discussed developments and opportunities with regards to the professionalisation of TVET personnel in international cooperation. The symposium was attended by State Secretary Marco Tullner (Ministry of Science and Economy, Saxony-Anhalt), the Managing Director of GIZ Dr. Hans-Joachim Preuß, the Counsellor Minister of the Embassy of the P.R. China Dong Qi, and Head of UNESCO-UNEVOC Shyamal Majumdar.

The symposium reinforced the message that developing personnel is essential for international cooperation in sustainable development and all participants emphasised the key role TVET plays in this regard. In his key note speech Shyamal Majumdar outlined the coming challenges for international TVET cooperation and stressed, with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), the central role TVET plays in the global development agenda. Particularly the UNEVOC Network, comprising over 200 TVET stakeholders around the world, acts as a platform for cooperation and collaboration.

The symposium also provided a platform to showcase greening TVET initiatives and provided insights into the emerging field of Green Jobs. In an altogether engaging meeting, contributors and participants from Asia, the South Caucasus region and Germany also discussed current requirements for qualifications for TVET personnel.

The symposium highlighted the need for more industry exposure and cooperation, as well as better pedagogical training.


4 News from UNEVOC Centres

All UNEVOC Network Members are invited to submit news and information about their activities for publication in the UNESCO-UNEVOC Bulletin. For more information, please send us an email at unevoc.bulletin@unesco.org.

NITTTR unveils capacity development programme in bio-technology in agriculture

The National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research (NITTTR) in Kolkata, India, in collaboration with the Vivekananda Institute of Bio-technology (VIB), Nimpith, have unveiled a capacity development programme for trainers in utilising bio-technology in agriculture for the rural youth.

The two-week training programme is being held in Kolkata for trainers and teachers in the field of bio-technology and agriculture for the rural youth. The implementation of the programme will produce qualified trainers with increased capacities to design and deliver competency-based training on the use of bio-technology in TVET. The programme will also serve as basis for developing a Training of Trainers (ToT) module that can be used by trainers in this field.

Fourteen delegates from UNEVOC Centres and their associate institutions from Botswana, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, India, Thailand, Philippines and Sri Lanka are attending the programme aimed to improve their practice and multiply the learning in their respective institutions. It is supported by UNESCO-UNEVOC in implementation of the capacity building programme for the UNEVOC Network.

The capacity development programme is one of the projects proposed and selected by UNESCO-UNEVOC and aims to bridge global frameworks and action programmes to doable and implementable actions at the sectorial and institutional level. In the long term it is hoped that this will enable technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to contribute and scale up its engagement in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and global sustainable development agenda. Specifically, the NITTTR-VIB joint ToT programme aims to:
  • Increase the number of qualified trainers on bio-technology use in rural-based agriculture in the South Asian and South-East Asian regions;
  • Collect and showcase evidence based practices in the region;
  • Apply science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in TVET in rural-based agriculture;
  • Improve the quality of TVET programmes in addressing youth unemployment in the rural sector;
  • Support UNESCO’s Global Action Programme on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) by accelerating sustainable agriculture through empowering the rural youth.

UNESCO-UNEVOC activities

UNESCO-UNEVOC, represented by Jens Liebe (Network Consultant) and Kenneth Barrientos (Programme Officer), facilitated sessions to explain the links between the SDGs and TVET, orient participants to the new roadmap for implementing the Global Action Programme on ESD and Greening TVET, and explain the water resources management and policy and skills challenges relevant to the agriculture sector. Group discussions and project works also engaged facilitators and participants.



UNEVOC Centre publishes fall 2015 edition of the UNESCO-UNEVOC newsletter for North America!
Colleges and Institutes Canada has published the fall 2015 edition of the UNESCO-UNEVOC newsletter for North America. In this edition, they chose to focus on one of the main priorities of UNESCO-UNEVOC: "Greening TVET".
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/network/up/UNESCO-UNEVOC_-_NL_-_OCT_2015.pdf



NCVER report on regulating and quality assuring VET
The National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) in Australia is happy to share their latest international comparative report on international good practice in regulating and quality assuring TVET.
http://www.ncver.edu.au/publications/2806.html



Yaba College of Technology, Nigeria signs MoU with Songhai Centre, Porto-Novo
The Yaba College of Technology, in its quest for agricultural development and sustainability, has signed a pact with The Songhai Centre, Porto-Novo, Republic of Benin. The MoU signing ceremony took place at the Songhai Farm on Thursday November 12, 2015.
http://www.yabatechunevoc.org/news/recent/131-yctsonghaimou


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5 Resources

Just published: Shanghai Update Issue No. 4





The fourth issue of the Shanghai Update has just been published! This newsletter gives an overview of the activities undertaken by UNESCO and UNESCO-UNEVOC in response to the recommendations that Member States made to UNESCO at the Third International TVET Congress in Shanghai in May 2012.

The current issue contains reflections on the role of technical and vocational education and training’s (TVET) in the global post-2015 agenda in light of the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Shanghai Update is available in English, French and Spanish.

All issues of the Shanghai Updates can be found in our online library.



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Just Published: Virtual Conference report on 'Skills for the creative industries'



Skills for the creative industries
Introduction | Messages | Participants | Sign Up


The virtual conference report on “Skills for creative industries” is now online.

The two-week virtual conference took place from 29 September to 10 October 2014 on UNESCO-UNEVOC’s e-Forum and brought together 153 participants from 64 countries. The virtual conference stimulated debate and information sharing, and increased participants’ understanding of TVET’s place in creative industries. Importantly, it also provided an opportunity for UNESCO-UNEVOC to explore linkages between skilled labour and the cultural sector, one of UNESCO’s flagship programmes.

The virtual conference was moderated by Paul Collard, Chief Executive at Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE), an international foundation dedicated to promoting creativity among children and young people through education.

The virtual conference report explores questions related to, amongst other things, the required skills for creative industries, the relationship between creative economies and TVET, the role of creativity in TVET, the different vocational pathways to creative jobs and the nature of creative jobs and economies. In order to answer these questions, the report not only summarises the evidence considered and the conclusions reached during the virtual conference, but supplements these informative insights with additional information drawing on international research.

The report reflects the general sentiment that creative skills should be valued and that there is a need for such skills to be nurtured across all industries. Indeed throughout the virtual conference, participants saw creative skills as one of the central skill sets needed by all workers in contemporary employment. Participants recognised that the promotion of creative skills would also have consequences for vocational pedagogy, and this was particularly relevant to countries outside Europe where there was a greater need for such skills to be nurtured in order to generate high value employment opportunities.

Links
Full report
Read all contributions



Just published: Final Report of the UNESCO-UNEVOC Global Forum

Global Forum participants © UNESCO-UNEVOC
From 14 to 16 October 2014, over 200 delegates from 71 UNESCO Member States, including 80 participants from 62 UNEVOC Centres, convened at the United Nations Campus in Bonn, Germany, to participate in a Global Forum, organized by UNESCO-UNEVOC, on “Skills for Work and Life Post-2015”. The flagship report of the Forum has now been published and is available here.

The Forum discussed two major global challenges on the post-2015 development agenda: youth employability and sustainable development and how these can be addressed through green skills and TVET.

=Key messages=
Representing a wide range of international TVET stakeholders, the Forum’s participants successfully identified concrete and coherent directions and interventions at the global level for the future of TVET and skills development in the post-2015 development agenda.
From among the many insights that were generated during the Forum, the report highlights three as being particularly pertinent to the prospects of TVET in the Post-2015 agenda:

1. Transformative TVET implies developing a new vision for TVET and its goals

TVET has the potential to be transformative in the lives of individuals and communities around the world. To realize this potential, however, participants of the Forum stressed the necessity of avoiding the false dichotomy between work and life. There was broad consensus that policy must reflect a coherent vision for TVET in which the notion of skills for both life and work is well integrated. Skills, the participants shared, are not just necessary for employability, productivity and competitiveness but also for community development, social cohesion and addressing environmental issues.

2. Approaches to youth unemployment and greening TVET should go hand in hand

The need to take an integrated view of TVET for the world of work and for life was a resounding message drawn from the Forum. This same integrated view was called for by the participants in addressing sustainable development issues. In this respect, there was agreement that the challenges of youth employability and skills on the one hand, and greening TVET on the other must be dealt with as a single issue in an integrated manner rather than on separate tracks as was the case in the past.

3. There is a need for stronger skills forecasting mechanisms

One conclusion from the Forum was that investments need to be made at the global level in mechanisms that can identify the skill requirements of the future. This will necessitate renewed efforts to build labour-market intelligence systems that are able to identify and communicate existing skills opportunities and needs through robust partnerships between employers, analysts and training providers.


The report documents these and other discussions which helped inform and stimulate the global debate on TVET in the post-2015 agenda and how the Forum made use of cross-regional networking and partnerships as well as synergies across different UN agencies to achieve its aims.

You can read the full report here. Other news about the Forum can be accessed here.


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6 UNEVOC e-Forum

General developments

Current membership: 4,245

Messages: In 2015, 1690 messages have been distributed via the e-Forum.


Recent discussions

For those who are not a member of the e-Forum: You can access the messages via http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/forum. Note that you need to log in to be able to read messages. If you do not yet have a UNEVOC account or do not wish to create one, please use the following login information to access the e-Forum archives in read-only mode: User "Bulletin", password "read".

Virtual Conference on Greening TVET in the context of COP 21 In this edition of the virtual conferences which took place in the wake of the new global climate agreement, participants had the opportunity to discuss the Role of TVET in the transition to low-carbon economies and in a changing climate; Greening TVET institutions to maximize their contribution to sustainable societies; and TVET and vulnerable groups and Member States in the context of climate change. The conference was moderated by expert in green skills development Nick Sofroniou. A synthesis of the discussions will soon be made available.
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=Virtual+Conference+Green...
ing+TVET+in+the+context+of+climate+change+policy+developments


Virtual Conference on UNESCO's future TVET strategy for 2016-2021 The development of UNESCO's TVET Strategy for the period 2016-2021 comes at a timely moment: The attainment of the Education for All (EFA) 2015 goals and the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda highlighted the need to reconsider the role of the education sector in a globalized world. Participants had the opportunity to give their inputs as UNESCO prepares its new TVET Strategy. The report will be published soon.
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=Virtual%20Conference%20UNESCO%E2%80%99s%20future%20TVET%20strategy


Virtual Conference on Delivering TVET through Quality Apprenticeships Apprenticeship is a social institution with a long history, having ensured over centuries the transmission of work skills from one generation to the next. In the face of global youth employment crises, many countries are exploring the option of introducing or improving apprenticeship schemes. Moderated by Alessandra Molz, expert in skills development and the labour market, the conference aimed to stimulate debate on the benefits of apprenticeship training, what stakeholders should be involved, the key elements or challenges in setting up or improving existing apprenticeship practices, and how to advocate for apprenticeship and get the participation of employers.
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=Virtual%20conference%...
%20Delivering%20TVET%20through%20Quality%20Apprenticeships


Associations of Private Training Providers The discussion was about stimulating the market of private training providers by forming associations with government support. Contributions and examples came from Australia, Canada, Egypt, Europe, India, Liberia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Ukraine and the UK.
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=e-Forum+-+Message+Board&a...
mp;skin=efor&lang=en&action=threadlist&thread=3198


TVET and diversification of developing economies In this thread, members discussed the importance of diversifying economic revenues to prevent dependence on just one type of resource, such as crude oil. In this context, participants discussed on how to ensure a diversity of skillsets to help achieve economic diversification plans. Starting with an example from Nigeria, participants discussed the role of formal, informal and non-formal skills and national qualification frameworks in ensuring people can access a diverse set of skills and thus contribute to economic diversification.
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=e-Forum+-+Message+Board&a...
mp;skin=efor&lang=en&action=threadlist&thread=3117


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7 Visitors

In 2015, UNESCO-UNEVOC had the honour of welcoming a number of visitors to the UN Campus in Bonn. Among these were a delegation from Malta around the country's Minister of Education and Employment Evarist Bartolo; Craig Fowler, Managing Director of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) in Australia; as well as representatives from Cambodia, Egypt, France, Germany, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Palestine, and Vietnam.

For more information, please see:
http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=page_Visitors#2


If you would like to visit us in Bonn, Germany, please write to
mailto:unevoc@unesco.org




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