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    1 Information on TVET in Egypt

    1.1 TVET System [Edit]

    Egypt is by far one of the largest economies by population (approximately 80 million) and it has the largest education system in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The education is the gate to the new world and it is the main power which is the base of Egypt national stability, development and prosperity.


    Vocational training is an investment in the future, it has two main goals: the first one is to pave the way to successful career for young people, and the second goal is to grantee a skilled work force for the economy. Improving technical education in Egypt has become an urgent need, because the high rate of unemployment is a problem, approximately 40 per cent of the population being under the age of 25, Egypt has to create every year close to 700,000 new jobs because up to 700,000 new people enter the labour market every year. Egypt will not be able to beat global competition unless it develops its industry. One way to do that is through upgrading vocational education and training, as it reflects on the country’s industrial capacity, the Egyptian Government is giving special emphasis at present to the upgrading of the quality of vocational education because the current situation show that ratio is 37.7% for students in general secondary education, compared with 62.7% for students in technical secondary.

    Basic technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Egypt is provided through secondary education in technical and commercial schools and post-secondary education in training institutions. Other forms of training include training through industry attachments (such as dual systems and apprenticeships), in-service training, and the re-training of people already in the labor force, both employed and unemployed,and this is a simple chart for the current vocation education system:

    Each of these can be delivered formally or informally, as well as through either private or government institutions.

    The public system is administered by a multitude of government agencies. These agencies work independently although in recent times the Government has sought to bring about more coordination between them and to bring more cohesion to TVET policies. It has established a Supreme Council on Human Resource Development(SCHRD), a tripartite body chaired by the Minister of Manpower and Emigration. Although other ministries are represented by senior officials, the Council is to be reestablished, elevating government representation to ministerial level.[1]

    1.2 The idea of the programme M.K.I (D.S) [Edit]

    The programme "Mubarak-Kohl Initiative" (MKI) aims at up-grading vocational education and training in Egypt as per agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and Egypt. The main partners are: The Egyptian Ministry of Education, the investors and businessman association and the international cooperation enterprise GTZ.

    What makes the MKI Dual System so special is that it combines the theoretical aspects of technical secondary schools with practical training in the workplace. Students who take the three-year course spend two days a week in a technical secondary school and four days with a company in order to obtain the skills and qualifications the labour market demands.

    Since 1994 the MKI has shown that cooperative technical education can succeed in Egypt and that, with the appropriate structures in place, an adaptation of the German dual system for human resource development can serve as an effective frame of reference. A key factor in the initiative has been the shared responsibility involved in the cooperation between the private and the public sectors.

    1.3 M.K.I school’s profile (all data 2008) [Edit]

    • 68 schools in all governorates of Egypt
    • 24000 Students currently enrolled
    • 31 occupational profiles developed
    • 2000 teachers
    • The number of diploma graduates is more than 20000 (13% female)
    • Companies and factories which take part in the project is about 1900

    1.4 The benefits for trainees [Edit]

    • Training contract
    • Monthly remuneration
    • Facilities from the company(transportation,meals,clothes)
    • The priority of the appointment
    • Social insurance umbrella-MOE
    • No of students does not exceed 24
    • MKI schools are relatively better equipped
    • The teaching and administrative staff are being carefully selected and continuously up-graded

    1.5 Major TVET Projects [Edit]

    • The TVET Reform Program (http://www.tvet.org) is based on the provision of skilled human resource as the key solution for Egypt's economic development challenges and it is carefully designed to ensure the final delivery of a modern, consistent and sustainable TVET System.
    • Regional TVET project of five Arab States (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria), more information at http://www.arab-tvet.com/ . The aim is to establish a network as a mechanism for strengthening regional cooperation and enabling the participating countries to benefit from experiences and results of vocational training systems in neighbouring countries to the benefit of their own systems.

    1.6 GTZ efforts in Egypt to enterprise education programs [Edit]

    GTZ (http://www.gtz.de) is implementing the following programmes and projects in Egypt, focusing on economic reform and development of the market economy.

    1.6.1 Technical education, training and employment-Mubarak-Kohl Initiative [Edit]

    Client: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (http://www.bmz.de/en/) (BMZ)

    • Lead executing agency: Ministry of International Cooperation (http://mic.gov.eg/) Egypt (MoIC)
    • Overall term: July 2007 to June 2014
    • Objective: The interactive employability of young people has been improved through developed training and labour market institutions.

    1.6.2 Qualifying technicians and technical trainers [Edit]

    Client: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (http://www.bmz.de/en/) (BMZ)

    • Lead executing agency: Ministry of Trade and Industry (http://www.mfti.gov.eg/english/) (MTI)
    • Overall term: October 2001 to March 2008
    • Objective_ The Technology Competency Centre (TCC) and the Staff Training Institute (STI) jointly train staff for industry, the public sector and private further education and training centres.

    1.6.3 Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Promotion Programme [Edit]

    Client: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (http://www.bmz.de/en/) (BMZ)

    • Lead executing agency: Ministry of Trade and Industry (http://www.mfti.gov.eg/english/) (MTI)
    • Overall term: December 2005 to November 2008
    • Objective: The competitiveness of SMEs in the cotton, fruit and vegetable processing and environmental technologies and services sectors has been improved

    The ETF's contributes to the reform of the Egyptian human resource development (HRD) and technical vocational education and training (TVET) reform.

    1.7 TVET Institutions [Edit]

    1.8 UNEVOC Centre(s) [Edit]

    1.9 Reference [Edit]

    1. ^ Egypt Review of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/Resources/278200-1126210664195/1636971-1126210694253/Egypt_Country_Report.pdf)

    1.10 Additional Links [Edit]

    • TVET Reform in Egypt (http://www.tvet.org/), in-depth information on TVET Reform Programme in Egypt

    1.11 See also [Edit]


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    Article: Egypt last changed on 16.09.2010 15:38 by Passant Sobhy
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