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Information on TVET in Ghana
TVET in Ghana is provided through several ministries, with the Ministry of Education (MoE) and the Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare (MoESW) being the most prominent. The Ghanaian government established a legal framework for TVET and a Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (COTVET), which has “the objective of co-ordinating and overseeing all aspects of TVET in the country” (The Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training Act, 2006).
The Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (COTVET) is the most significant government body responsible for TVET co-ordination. The Council (COTVET) has formed three different committees, which are focused on industry advisory, qualifications and quality assurance. Following a request from the government, a fourth committee, responsible for traditional apprenticeship has now also been put into place. The main responsibility of the Council is to formulate national policies on skills development (pre-tertiary, tertiary and informally), whereas the different ministries are responsible for implementing the policies within their TVET institutions.
The overall goals of the Council are to ensure that:
Website of COTVET (http://www.cotvet.org/index.php)
From Prejudice to Prestige: Vocational Education and Training in Ghana (http://www.skillsdevelopment.org.uk/Default.aspx?page=1438) Recent study conducted by City and Guilds Centre for Skills Development, in partnership with COTVET.
Technical and Vocational Education Division (TVED)
Operating as part of the Ghana Education Service (GES) under the Ministry of Education, the Technical and Vocational Education Division (TVED) is responsible for the implementation of public pre-tertiary technical and vocational education. TVED’s mission is ‘to provide the youth with quality demand-driven TVET, employable skills and general education to enable them fulfil the country’s technical human resource requirement’ (Ghana Education Service, 2007). As policy implementers, TVED is responsible for the monitoring and evaluation of 26 public Technical Training Institutes (TTIs). TTIs are tertiary education-driven rather than industry-driven, meaning it is expected that students continue to polytechnic or even university. Apart from being responsible for co-ordination of the TTIs, TVED is responsible for developing and reviewing the curriculum for TVET programmes, and conducting TVET examinations and awarding corresponding certificates. Finally, TVED needs to oversee those private TVET institutions that follow their programmes.
National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI)
Set up in 1970 with the mandate of co-ordinating all aspects of vocational training, NVTI continues to be a well-recognised and established TVET institution in Ghana, and operates under the Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare. NVTI aims ‘to provide demand-driven employable skills and enhance the income generating capacities of basic and secondary school leavers, and such other persons through competency-based Apprenticeship, Master craftsmanship, Testing and Career development’ (NVTI in Perspective, 2009). In addition to being responsible for the co-ordination of 37 vocational training centres, NVTI is also a widely recognised institute responsible for testing and certification.
Major TVET Projects