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The constant economic, social and technology change are bringing about profound changes in business structure and supply and demand in labour markets
The globalization of markets and free movement of capital has meant that many products do not have national identity are investigated and developed in one country, in another are designed and its are manufactured in a third. The classic factors of production (land, labour and capital), i adding a fourth factor, the information. The raw material in the new paradigm (techno-economic) is the information and knowledge. To confirm the above statements we can see that currently the centre of the economy no longer hold only companies that produce and distribute products as thirty years ago but companies producing and distributing knowledge and information. Consider the value and market control exerted companies like Microsoft, Disney and CNN.
The new age pyramid in most OECD countries, the level of education amongst the people, the emergence of new phenomena such as structural unemployment, labour discontinuity in the number of firms for which one provided their services and content of the trades that can be carried out during the working life, multiculturalism, the tendency to hedonism, namely, earn more, work less and have more leisure time, the cult of youth represented by the sport, leanness and dynamism as trends to follow.
The development and innovation in the technological world, characterized by the ease and speed in creating new products and services and the explosion of telecommunications and information technologies are breaking into all areas of human life. Therefore, we can say that technological changes are not revolutions but one constantly changing structures.
Directly or indirectly, as discussed above, these changes have generated and are generating profound changes in the content, methods and means of employment and production systems, distribution and labour organization. Here are some examples: • Companies looking for new skills associated with new organizations "decentralized network as" where "workers perform a variety of tasks, instead of passing the work of one another." • The need for greater flexibility and reliability in production processes means that production is, also continue to seek such economies of scale, based of economies of scope and quality of products and services.
Since the beginning of the 90, as a first step to reduce this imbalance, have been progressively defined professional profiles and training curricula in terms of professional skills by taking a quantum leap in this process, and passed to take into account also attitudinal and emotional aspects of working not just those of a technical and methodological.
But in addition to the powers specifically related to a job or a given sector, needs to acquire the so-called transferable skills, without being specific to a particular job or a particular profession, and therefore , transferable to a wide range of tasks performed in different work contexts are necessary to carry out different tasks at the level required for employment, with the dual aim of promoting the employability of students and to reduce the obsolescence of workers to proportion more likely to adapt.
-- Technical of public administration, Recognition of research proficiency, Post graduate Business Administration, Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and Education