TVET in Australia is operated by a number of bodies under the National Skills Framework. Key players in TVET are:
Council of Australian Governments (COAG)
COAG is an intergovernmental body that initiates, develops and monitors the implementation of policy reforms. It comprises of the Prime Minister, State Premiers, Territory Chief Ministers and the President of the Australian Local Government Association (ALGA). The Council is a platform for coordinated action by Australian governments.
Standing Council for Tertiary Education, Skills and Employment (SCOTESE)
The SCOTESE works to ensure that the needs of Australia’s workforce are met through increased participation, educational attainment and skill development. The Council was established in July 2011.
The Council has a range of principal committees which support the work of SCOTESE and who are chaired by senior TVET officials. They include:
- Workforce Development Supply and Demand Principal Committee
- Tertiary Education Quality and Pathways Principal Committee
- Data Performance Measurement Principal Committee
- Access and Participation Principal Committee.
- Department of Innovation, Industry, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIISRTE)
DIISRTE is a government agency providing services and support programmes in education and workplace training; transition to work; as well as conditions and values in the workplace.
Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA)
ASQA is a national regulator ensuring that courses and TVET providers meet nationally approved quality standards. The Authority was established in July 2011.
National Skills Standards Council (NSSC)
NSSC provides advice to SCOTESE on national standards for regulation of vocational education and training. It is a committee of SCOTESE established in June 2011.
Australian Workforce and Productivity Agency
AWPA (formerly Skills Australia) is independent statutory body providing advice to the Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Science and Research on skills and development needs of the Australian workforce. It was established in 2012 by a revision to the Skills Australia Act of 2008.
National Advisory for Tertiary Education, Skills and Employment (NATESE) provides policy advice and a secretariat structure to facilitate and support the key advisory councils of the Council of Australian Government’s (COAG) Standing Council responsible for tertiary education, skills and employment.
State Training Authorities (STAs)
Australian state and territory governments through their training agencies allocate funds, register training organizations and accredit courses. STAs are accountable to their minister who is a member of the Ministerial Council of Tertiary Education and Employment (MCTEE).
Industry Skills Councils (ISCs)
ISCs are independent, industry-lead boards that bring together industry, educators and governments and jointly decide on a common industry-led agenda for action on skills and workforce development. They provide training advice to Skills Australia, State and
Territory Governments and enterprises; and support the development of Training Packages.
Registered Training Organisations (RTOs)
RTOs are teaching and training institutions registered and accredited to deliver training and/or conduct assessments and issue nationally recognized qualifications in accordance with the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF).
Australian Apprenticeship Centres (AACs)
AACs provide training information to employers, apprentices and trainees on rules and legislation, as well as financial assistance that may be available. They provide support to employers, apprentices and trainees throughout the traineeship/apprenticeship.
Group Training Organisations (GTOs)
GTOs are companies that hire apprentices and trainees to undertake their training at other companies. They select candidates, rotate them between different businesses and take responsibility for related paperwork. The GTO system offers a solution for medium sized businesses (SMEs) that would otherwise not be able to hire apprentices due to a lack of guaranteed ongoing work and the capacity needed for hiring trainees.
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) is a professional and independent body responsible for collecting, managing, analysing, evaluating and communicating research and training statistics about technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Australia.
There are a range of other peak industry bodies that provide advice on TVET training issues such as the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI) and their state-based local chambers, the Business Council of Australia and the Australian Industry Group (AiG).
The TVET sector in Australia is funded jointly by the national and State and Territory governments. Industry and private investment in training is also significant. Some of the funding provided through government is now fully contestable and several Australian states are introducing ‘entitlement models’ where the training dollar is tied to the student and they (or their employer) can make choices on the type of training and provider they wish to use.
The Building Australia’s Future Workforce package has seen the establishment of the National Workforce Development Fund.
This fund is providing over $558 million over 4 years to support training and workforce development and is being administered by the National Workforce and Productivity Agency.
The main aims of the package include the following points:
- Putting industry at the heart of the training system
- Skills to support increased participation
- Modernising apprenticeships
- Reforming the national training system